The Effects of Physical Education and Sports Classes for the Mild Mentally Disabled Teenagers who were between the Ages of 12-16 to the Some Motoric Specialities (Turkish and German Model)

In this study; the effects of physical education classes that are teached at the Educable Mentally Handicapped Schools on educable mentally handicapped children’s motor skills were examined and compared in Turkey and Germany. 30 Turkish and 30 German, in total 60 students (20 girl, 40 boy) that aged between 12-16 participated in this study. Only children that have IQ scores between 45-75 were included. Participants’ motor performance improvements were evaluated by tests that were done before and after 13 weeks the physical education program. 30 m speed, standing long jump, medicine ball throw and 30 seconds sit-up tests were used in motor performance measurements’. It is found that physical education and sport programs significantly improved children’s performance in motor tests at both Turkish and German schools (p<0.05). The improvements in motor performance were similar for both genders. In addition to that improvements in speed were higher for students in Turkish school. It is detected that physical education and sport classes aimed at motor skills, contribute significantly to educable mentally handicapped children’s motor development. Adequate and proper participation in physical activities that are specifically designed for educable mentally handicapped children, seem to improve these children’s motor performance, same as normal children.

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